Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Rosa Maria Giusto

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Located in the south of the Sele’s plain, bordering the archaeological site of Poseidon, by the Romans called Paestum, Agropoli is one of the first Tyrrhenian settlements of Cilento (Fig. 01). Its name denotes the defensive character of the town, built on the top of a rocky headland for security reasons. The center has retained clear traces of Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Norman, Angevin and Aragonese periods, in the morphology of the urban fabric and in place names1, revealing at the same time characters in common with many other coastal settlements in the Mediterranean, places of exchange and contamination. As like as many other places in the Mediterranean, Agropoli also represented an important route in commercial and maritime trade, preserving, in the urban structure and in place names, the traces of those previous experiences. Surrounded by walls, the city has remained virtually unvaried in its form, until the end of the defensive needs, then it expanded outside the walls and the first coastal villages were settled. The Greek age, dating from the Seventh and Sixth centuries a.C., is testimonied by the column drums and blocks of travertine which referring to the stylobate of a Temple, found in the south-eastern side of the Castle, likely to be the Artemision, dedicated to Artemis2. During Roman rule, the settlement underwent significant transformations due to the displacement of communities on the coast. Firstly, in the first century a.C., in the area called San Marco di Agropoli was built Erculam, a fishing village that replaced the port of Paestum, subject to the phenomenon of siltation. Being equipped with its own boat harbour and a valid defense system due to the orography of the places, Agropoli became a strategic center to control the coast by providing protection from the increasingly frequent barbarian raids. In the Fifth century B.C. was founded the first urban center of the Citadel, below the promontory of Petra3, as a consequence of the abandonment of Erculam in favor of a more protected location. On top of the hill, was built the church of SS. Apostles Peter and Paul4, the new home of Christian worship. The Greek-Gothic war (535-553 AD) lasted a long time creating the conditions for the construction of a first defensive system. The lands of the Goths were fortified by the Byzantines, who strengthened the promontory at south of the Gulf of Salerno, where previously there was Erculam. […]


SMC N.01 2014


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese




007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato


086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli



The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023