Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Patrizia Milano

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1. Raw earth in the life cycle
Raw earth is a low-energy, renewable, easily disposable, local, zero kilometer, the raw earth is a material almost unlimited and does not become waste at the end of life. The sustainable yield of E. Daly teaches that “the speed of withdrawal of the resources must be equal to the speed of regeneration” then with the absorption capacity sustains that “the rate of waste production must be equal to the natural absorption capacity of the ecosystems in which the waste is placed”. Raw earth does not pose any problem in all these aspects.
In its various techniques of implementation is a material with a closed cycle of life, controlled throughout the construction process, fully recoverable and recyclable. The specific level of embodied energy is extremely low. Then, operators involved on the site do not incur any risk or impact. No processing or special waste is produced.
Now we know that 50% of consumed raw materials are used to build and heat our buildings, and not insignificant is the amount of inert waste products1. But still we analyze what are the environmental costs and gross consumption of materials during the extraction, the processing, the production of goods and building components. And which toxic emission develop during these stages; which materials are discarded to produce a kilogram of aluminium, a kilogram of copper or a kilogram of any other metal. Instead when we go to dig 1 cubic meter of earth, we use all this2. Not only, we use a material that is beneath our feet, at zero kilometres, immediately available around the site or a few kilometres away. This is a material resource that collects in it the most common parameters of sustainability. It is totally environmentally friendly, uses little energy during the extraction and the processing, it is put in place and has no toxic emission, and it’s totally recyclable to dispose. […]


SMC N.01 2014


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese




007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato


086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli



The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023