Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

MECHANICHAL CHARACTERIZATION OF SOME ROMAN ADOBE MASONRIES AT THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF SUASA (AN)

Authors 

Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

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Introduzione

The adobe constructive technique has undoubted advantages with respect to other modern constructive techniques, as comfort for the living spaces and the respect of the external environment. In terms of thermal performances [1-­‐4] the adobe technique allows good thermal insulation capacities of the buildings. Some studies have investigated also the choice of the optimal type of clay for adobe bricks with or without the use of stabilizers [5-­‐6]. These can be natural or artificial [7-­‐9] and they influence the technological and mechanical properties.
Recent studies [10-­‐13] on the mechanical performances of the earthen bricks have mainly focused their investigations on the influence of the quantity and type of constituents on these properties. In [10] it is shown that the utilization of plastic fibres increases the compressive strength in comparison to the use of straw fibres. Some researches highlighted that the increase of straw fibres decrease the compressive strength [11-­‐12] and the weight of the specimens, but the strain capacity raises. Another study [13] showed that the compressive strength raises with the decrement of the aspect ratio, namely, the ratio between the height and the thickness of the sample.
The determination of the mechanical behaviour of the adobe constructive system is also at the base of the preservation and of the repair of the cultural heritage that is made by this constructive technique.
In this paper we summarize the researches which we have been done on this subject. More details are reported in [14, 15].

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SMC N.01 2014

SMC MAGAZINE N. ONE/2014

001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese

005_INDEX

006_BOARDS AND INFORMATION

FOCUS ON RAMMED EARTH

007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato

STUDIES AND RESEARCHES

086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli

120_PHD RESULTS

121_LIST OF AUTHORS

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SMC N. 18 | 2023