Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

RECOVERING THE MEDITERRANEAN CULTURAL LANDSCAPES WITH RAMMED EARTH

Authors 

Dora Francese

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Introduction. The earth as rehabilitation material
In the Campania region (south Italy), through time, both the constructing tradition and the material culture have widely employed the use of stone. Stone is present in all areas in various typological shapes, from those effusive, basalt, grey and yellow tufa, to the limestone ones of dolomitic origin; the abundance of this product of the great number of mountains and volcanoes in the region favoured its adoption as preferential construction material. The studies and investigations into the potential of rammed earth are very recent, the first public diffusion having been organized in an international conference during 2010. It has been noticed that, although this natural resource was rarely employed as structural material in this region, the activity of a great number of furnaces1 in the areas had demonstrated the richness in clay of some soils and thus their suitability for use as raw brick. In fact few examples of mud fabrics have been found in the province of Avellino and Benevento, and a large diffusion of soil as mortar and finishing element has been surveyed in the Salerno province.
Following the local constructive tradition, it could be possible to promote the logic of bio- regionalism and to switch on again the interest for this sustainable material, making an effort to find out which – among the different techniques and earthen solutions – would be the most appropriate to the context, in terms of both practical manufacture expertise and architectural configurations. […]

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SMC N.01 2014

SMC MAGAZINE N. ONE/2014

001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese

005_INDEX

006_BOARDS AND INFORMATION

FOCUS ON RAMMED EARTH

007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato

STUDIES AND RESEARCHES

086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli

120_PHD RESULTS

121_LIST OF AUTHORS

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