Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Luca Buoninconti

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Reasons for the research
The rammed earth arouses very often, even in the technical field, many questions because it seems to be only part of the building traditions of the desert regions in the world, where the use is possible due to absence of precipitation and the sultry heat. Actually few people know that this technique, very ancient and widely practiced, is also widespread in Europe, and in Italy in particular, when they occur at the same time three different conditions: a social structure of rural type, a clay soil and a very low average level of wealth. The earth, in fact, is a poor material or, better, low tech, i.e. such as to require reduced transformation processes: it is thus evident that its use has spread especially among populations that do not have the resources necessary to use materials economically and technically more efficient. But it would be wrong to consider the rammed earth as a kind of fallback to which recourse: if it is true that it requires constant maintenance and small technical measures to protect it from the action of rainwater, we can also say that, as well as having a discrete mechanical behavior, it is able to actively participate to increase the level of thermal quality – and thus the environmental quality – of buildings. Generally each material is never in itself good or bad: are the choices made during the construction process to be more or less correct according to the requirements and benefits comparison. For this reason, if the requirements are not defined, you cannot perform any classification, neither the rammed earth nor any other product for the building. In order to establish its appropriate use in the current scenario, which sees the market presence of compounds with high mechanical performance, it became immediately clear need to conduct measurements directly on specimens because, given the wide variety of soil types , it is not possible to derive the physical characteristics from the scientific literature. This has rather stimulated the idea of being able to determine experimentally the proportions of the different components, by varying the amount of clay and straw present in the specimens, transferring the practice of the mix design from the concrete to the soil. […]


SMC N.01 2014


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese




007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato


086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli



The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023