Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Flaviano Maria Lorusso

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Our earthen houses are upside-down caves in the sky.
Bozo saying – Mali

1 EARTHEN ARCHITECTURE By its very nature, architecture takes place between “sky” and “earth.” This is where it is located, making the earth itself one of its foundational, physical, but also meta-physical poles: conceptual and symbolic. If the original shelter (dwelling) – the first of the archai – was in the beginning a chance refuge in the shape of a crevasse, a cave, or, finally, a manmade excavation of the basic material of the world, the dirt of the ground, once this has the possibility of taking concrete form as a construction, that is to say a voluntary action of technique and idea whose purpose is the intentional, deliberate creation of a shelter built to last, it is in the earth and with earth that architecture naturally finds the designated material for its realization, simulating the primeval shelter as a manmade, outward-projecting artifact: turned upside-down towards the sky, towards the outside open to being adapted by purposeful shaping. Material here and now, the mother-material only now conquered as foundation and rootedness, as adherence and stability, condensation, and innerness, which purposely used and molded together with water, straw, and sun – techne, the second arche – generates the unprecedented physical figure of the “room,” the primordial house, in total organic continuity with the earth from which it comes and which truly now becomes a structured place, really becomes a dwelling. […]


SMC N.01 2014


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese




007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato


086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli



The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023