Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

EARTH ARCHITECTURE IN SARDINIA. IDENTITY AND DESIGN

Authors 

Antonello Sanna

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Landscapes and culture of earth architecture
Earth architecture is a constituent part of Sardinia’s landscape and in particular of the Medinas in the island’s southern plains which comprise large areas of grain production and clay soils. In this sense, Sardinia is a part of a much broader Mediterranean context in which environmental and cultural relationships and analogies have resulted in a melting pot of identities outlining an extraordinary mosaic of similarities and differences.
As in most Mediterranean countries, in Sardinia, earthen construction is never marginal and rural but is rather part of some of the island’s most important and highest quality urban fabrics. The urban landscapes characterized by earth architecture can be introverted, generated by the dwelling cell of the Mediterranean courtyard house and its labyrinthine urban fabric, or they can be open and extroverted, with fenestration aligned along the principal urban roads.
Furthermore, over time, earth architecture has proven to be perfectly capable of accepting and integrating innovation while in continuity with the bearing wall tradition. In the 1800s, for example, mud brick building technique served neoclassical architecture while in the early 20th century, it incorporated the technologies and languages of the international Liberty style1 (the Italian version of art nouveau).
Since the 1950s, however, a crisis regarding the culture and values of historic building and living led to the rejection of the practices and materials of earthen construction. At the time, a universe of knowledge and material culture came very close to extinction. Only in the 1990s did the emergence of a new sensibility give impetus to a revitalized approach to earth architecture in innovative terms, starting with the preservation and restoration of entire landscapes and historic buildings along with an enormous patrimony of urban fabric constituting one of the major roots of the region’s identity. […]

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SMC N.01 2014

SMC MAGAZINE N. ONE/2014

001_ COVER

003_VIEW Constructing for the De-Growth in the Mediterranean Region
Dora Francese

005_INDEX

006_BOARDS AND INFORMATION

FOCUS ON RAMMED EARTH

007_ Earth Architecture in Sardinia. Identity and Design
Antonello Sanna

012_ Mechanical Characterization of Some Roman Adobe Masonries at the Archaeological Site of Suasa
Stefano Lenci, Enrico Quagliarini

018_Mud Brick Architecture and the Case of Korestia Villages in Greece
Nafsika Exintaveloni, Athanassios Balasas, Fani Vavili

023_Earth Architecture in North of Portugal – Case Study From Vernacular to Contemporary
Paulo Mendonça

029_The Walls of Buildings in the Rural Area of Molise. A Bioclimatic Subsystem between Limestone, Brick and Raw Earth
Gigliola Ausiello, Domenico Fornaro

034_Recovering the Mediterranean Cultural Landscape with Rammed Earth
Dora Francese

040_A Possible Innovation in the Traditional Manufacturing of the Galeb Brick in Southern Tunisia
Fouad Ben Ali, Fabio Iucolano, Barbara Liguori, Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo, Marina Fumo

044_Architecture of Earth and Shade
Flaviano Maria Lorusso

050 _ReHAb: a Project for Participative Retrofitting with Earth and Local Materials
Grégoire Paccoud, Roberto Pennacchio

055_Sustainable Development and New “Ancient Opportunities”: the Raw Earth
Maria Cristina Forlani, Luciana Mastrolonardo

063_Environmental Assessment of Products in Raw Earth
Patrizia Milano

070_The Earthen Architecture and Standard Requirements
Paola De Joanna

075_The Stabilization and the Thermal Resistance of the Rammed Earth
Luca Buoninconti

080_Adobe Bricks as a Structural Material. Perspective Applications to Vault
Maurizio Angelillo, Antonio Fortunato

STUDIES AND RESEARCHES

086_Saint Mary’s Abbey and Saint Filadelfo’s Church (Italy). The Mediterranean Architecture
Màrcia Regina Escorteganha, Marina Fumo, Jacqueline Bayon, Essaid Bilal, Franciele Laner

090_Magna Grecia and Mediterraneo. The settlement of Akropolis
Rosa Maria Giusto

096_A Building Technique for Realization of Opening Bearing Walls of Salento
Fabrizio Leccisi, Paola Francesca Nisticò

100_Smart Heritage as Regeneration of Historic Mediterranean Cities
Starlight Vattano

105_City Mood. About (Cultural) State of the City Space
Marina Mihaila

108_Instruments for the Calculation of Energy Performance in Historical Buildings
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli

115_Modeling for Project Design: Instruments for Sustainable and Integrated Design
Giacomo Chiesa, Orio De Paoli

120_PHD RESULTS

121_LIST OF AUTHORS

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