Nowadays, climate change represents one of the greatest challenges to face in the management of the urban water systems. This problem is particularly crucial in the least developed countries of the world, where an uncontrolled expansion of the cities and of the human activities is often observed.
Recent studies about climate change indicate a growing frequency and intensity of extreme events, causing significant impacts and being one of the most serious challenges faced by society in coping with a changing climate    .
Extreme local precipitations now often exceed the values of design storms used for planning of the urban drainage systems and surface hydraulic structures in towns, causing the overflow of domestic drainage, urban storm water systems and small urban rivers, triggering flooding in urban areas  .
At the same time, the effects of development and urbanization practices on the hydrologic cycle are well known. Urbanization is typically accompanied by increases in impervious surfaces (rooftops, driveways, roadways, parking lots and sidewalks), compaction of soils, and modifications to vegetation (Fig. 1) . This results in increased surface runoff, increased runoff velocity and stream erosion, decreased time of concentration of watersheds, and decreased water quality, due to water contamination in particular from suspended sediments, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, nutrients, and pathogens    .
In this regard, new strategies should be developed in order to mitigate the social and environmental impacts caused by the climate change and human modification on urban areas. In the context of urban water management, a predominant role can be played by innovative approaches, implementing optimization techniques and new technologies for Low Impact Development (LID) type of storm water Best Management Practices (BMPs) for urban runoff control . The main goal of these strategies should be the improvement of the resilience of the cities against the increase of the storm water flows and the risk of flooding (urban flash floods), which could be responsible of significant impacts on the present and future urban and social development.
003_VIEW Water and Mediterranean Construction: How to Build a Soft and Clean Future
FOCUS ON WATER AND CONSTRUCTION
014_ Variability of Groundwater Resources in the Cilento Region (Southern Italy)
Vincenzo Allocca, Pantalone De Vita, Ferdinando Manna
020_Rivers to Live by: The Economic, Social, Cultural Benefits of Rivers and the Role of Architecture in Its Enhancement
Fani Vavili, Sonia Gkounta
025_Patagonia. Water and Built Habitat
030_The Khettaras: a Traditional Management System of the Moroccan Drylands
Khalid Rkha Chaham
033_The Water and Architectural Identity in Mediterranean Buildings
Nicolina Mastrangelo, Emanuela Adamo
038_ Leonardo and the Drawnings of Hydraulic Mines
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Dinaro
044_“River Cities”: Urban Structure and Configurational Analysis
048_Analysis of the Architectural/Historic Heritage and Preventive Mitigation Actions Against Hydraulic Risks
Giorgio Giallocosta, Simona Lanza, Francesca Pirlone, Pietro Ugolini
055_Water Saving Assessment in Residential Buildings
Luca Buoninconti, Cristian Filagrossi Ambrosino
066_Water and Social Housing Architecture
078_Rising Damp in Historical Buildings: Restoration Using the Charge Neutralization Technology (CNT) Domodry
Roberto Castelluccio, Michele Rossetto
093_Urban Stormwater Drainage Management by Low Impact Development Practices
Maurizio Giugni, Francesco De Paola
099_Climate Changes, Adaptation, Construction
103_The Quality Problem in Water Distribution Systems
Domenico Pianese, Carmine Covelli, Luigi Cimorelli, Andrea D’Aniello, Francesco Orlando
117_The Eco-friendly Wastewater Treatment at Mountain Refuges: a Short Overview of the Most Promising Technologies
Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo
121_Water Form: Technologies by Nature
126_Sea City: the Waterfront of Naples
Viviana Del Naja
143_LIST OF AUTHORS