Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Maurizio Giugni, Francesco De Paola

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Nowadays, climate change represents one of the greatest challenges to face in the management of the urban water systems. This problem is particularly crucial in the least developed countries of the world, where an uncontrolled expansion of the cities and of the human activities is often observed.
Recent studies about climate change indicate a growing frequency and intensity of extreme events, causing significant impacts and being one of the most serious challenges faced by society in coping with a changing climate [1] [2] [3] [4].
Extreme local precipitations now often exceed the values of design storms used for planning of the urban drainage systems and surface hydraulic structures in towns, causing the overflow of domestic drainage, urban storm water systems and small urban rivers, triggering flooding in urban areas [5] [6].
At the same time, the effects of development and urbanization practices on the hydrologic cycle are well known. Urbanization is typically accompanied by increases in impervious surfaces (rooftops, driveways, roadways, parking lots and sidewalks), compaction of soils, and modifications to vegetation (Fig. 1) [7]. This results in increased surface runoff, increased runoff velocity and stream erosion, decreased time of concentration of watersheds, and decreased water quality, due to water contamination in particular from suspended sediments, heavy metals, hydrocarbons, nutrients, and pathogens [8] [9] [10] [11].
In this regard, new strategies should be developed in order to mitigate the social and environmental impacts caused by the climate change and human modification on urban areas. In the context of urban water management, a predominant role can be played by innovative approaches, implementing optimization techniques and new technologies for Low Impact Development (LID) type of storm water Best Management Practices (BMPs) for urban runoff control [11]. The main goal of these strategies should be the improvement of the resilience of the cities against the increase of the storm water flows and the risk of flooding (urban flash floods), which could be responsible of significant impacts on the present and future urban and social development.


SMC N.02 2015


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Water and Mediterranean Construction: How to Build a Soft and Clean Future
Dora Francese



009_Water-scapes in Architectural Design Thinking – a Discussion on Water as Conceptual Cultural Sustainable Design Element
Marina Mihaila

014_ Variability of Groundwater Resources in the Cilento Region (Southern Italy)
Vincenzo Allocca, Pantalone De Vita, Ferdinando Manna

020_Rivers to Live by: The Economic, Social, Cultural Benefits of Rivers and the Role of Architecture in Its Enhancement
Fani Vavili, Sonia Gkounta

025_Patagonia. Water and Built Habitat
Liliana Lolich

030_The Khettaras: a Traditional Management System of the Moroccan Drylands
Khalid Rkha Chaham

033_The Water and Architectural Identity in Mediterranean Buildings
Nicolina Mastrangelo, Emanuela Adamo

038_ Leonardo and the Drawnings of Hydraulic Mines
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Dinaro

044_“River Cities”: Urban Structure and Configurational Analysis
Angela Esposito

048_Analysis of the Architectural/Historic Heritage and Preventive Mitigation Actions Against Hydraulic Risks
Giorgio Giallocosta, Simona Lanza, Francesca Pirlone, Pietro Ugolini

055_Water Saving Assessment in Residential Buildings
Luca Buoninconti, Cristian Filagrossi Ambrosino

066_Water and Social Housing Architecture
Dora Francese

078_Rising Damp in Historical Buildings: Restoration Using the Charge Neutralization Technology (CNT) Domodry
Roberto Castelluccio, Michele Rossetto

089_Design for Hydrocitizens: Architectural Responses to the Defend-Retreat-Attack scenario
Graeme Evans

093_Urban Stormwater Drainage Management by Low Impact Development Practices
Maurizio Giugni, Francesco De Paola

099_Climate Changes, Adaptation, Construction
Adriano Paolella

103_The Quality Problem in Water Distribution Systems
Domenico Pianese, Carmine Covelli, Luigi Cimorelli, Andrea D’Aniello, Francesco Orlando

111_Innovative Water Concepts for the Resilience to Climate Change of East Naples: a Knowledge Transfer-based Design Approach Social Housing Architecture
Cristina Visconti

117_The Eco-friendly Wastewater Treatment at Mountain Refuges: a Short Overview of the Most Promising Technologies
Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo

121_Water Form: Technologies by Nature
Rossella Siani

126_Sea City: the Waterfront of Naples
Viviana Del Naja


132_The Intercultural Seminar “The Sea as a Bridge between Energy Resources and Social Sharing of Land”, November the 27th, 2014

140_The International Seminar ”Recovering River Landscapes”, September the 28th-30th, 2015

141_The Bio-Architecture Workshops of INBAR Sicily: Light, Earth, Water,…, December the 18th-19th, 2015


The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023