Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Liliana Lolich

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Water as a scarce resource has become a growing environmental global problem. Today, warnings about the risks of climate change, loss of wetlands and pollution are multiplying. The supplying is becoming critical, something unthinkable in the past, taking into account that drinking water should not be denied to anyone because it is a vital substance for survival. However, it is estimated that over 600 million people lack access to safe drinking water (source: WHO). Many people have their right to water increasingly restricted and thus, their right to life, triggering thereby unthinkable levels of cruel injustice and social inequality. Because they are essential, water and air, are the resources that require our utmost attention put into action.
Tourists visiting the mountainous area of northern Patagonia are surprised by the crystal blue lakes surrounded by natural forests. The beauty of the natural landscape is complemented by the vernacular architecture characterized by its use of local materials and the reduced environmental impact. This architecture was developed in the late nineteenth century, after the genocidal military campaign that displaced indigenous. The Indians built their shelters with branches and animal skins, as awnings, that they armed and disarmed in its long journey through the territory, looking for food. Except for some Mapuche “ruca” (or shack), there were no permanent buildings. The imposition of Western culture meant the replacement of the indigenous nomadism by colonies of immigrants and the granting of large tracts of land to foreign companies to establish stations for raising sheeps to produce wool, leather and meat.
The work presented here is part of the results of research projects carried out on a stretch of the mountainous area of northern Patagonia between parallels 40 and 42 south latitude. Large lakes, including Nahuel Huapi in Argentina, and Lake Llanquihue, in Chile, excel from the many watersheds in the area. Deep valleys, carved by ancient glaciers, facilitate crossing the mountain range with heights of around 400 m while the highest peaks are around 3,800 meters. For the settlers, the construction of the human habitat implied the use of the materials that the floor provided them, as wood, earth and stone, in addition to the management and control of water in times when these resources were considered inexhaustible. […]


SMC N.02 2015


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Water and Mediterranean Construction: How to Build a Soft and Clean Future
Dora Francese



009_Water-scapes in Architectural Design Thinking – a Discussion on Water as Conceptual Cultural Sustainable Design Element
Marina Mihaila

014_ Variability of Groundwater Resources in the Cilento Region (Southern Italy)
Vincenzo Allocca, Pantalone De Vita, Ferdinando Manna

020_Rivers to Live by: The Economic, Social, Cultural Benefits of Rivers and the Role of Architecture in Its Enhancement
Fani Vavili, Sonia Gkounta

025_Patagonia. Water and Built Habitat
Liliana Lolich

030_The Khettaras: a Traditional Management System of the Moroccan Drylands
Khalid Rkha Chaham

033_The Water and Architectural Identity in Mediterranean Buildings
Nicolina Mastrangelo, Emanuela Adamo

038_ Leonardo and the Drawnings of Hydraulic Mines
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Dinaro

044_“River Cities”: Urban Structure and Configurational Analysis
Angela Esposito

048_Analysis of the Architectural/Historic Heritage and Preventive Mitigation Actions Against Hydraulic Risks
Giorgio Giallocosta, Simona Lanza, Francesca Pirlone, Pietro Ugolini

055_Water Saving Assessment in Residential Buildings
Luca Buoninconti, Cristian Filagrossi Ambrosino

066_Water and Social Housing Architecture
Dora Francese

078_Rising Damp in Historical Buildings: Restoration Using the Charge Neutralization Technology (CNT) Domodry
Roberto Castelluccio, Michele Rossetto

089_Design for Hydrocitizens: Architectural Responses to the Defend-Retreat-Attack scenario
Graeme Evans

093_Urban Stormwater Drainage Management by Low Impact Development Practices
Maurizio Giugni, Francesco De Paola

099_Climate Changes, Adaptation, Construction
Adriano Paolella

103_The Quality Problem in Water Distribution Systems
Domenico Pianese, Carmine Covelli, Luigi Cimorelli, Andrea D’Aniello, Francesco Orlando

111_Innovative Water Concepts for the Resilience to Climate Change of East Naples: a Knowledge Transfer-based Design Approach Social Housing Architecture
Cristina Visconti

117_The Eco-friendly Wastewater Treatment at Mountain Refuges: a Short Overview of the Most Promising Technologies
Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo

121_Water Form: Technologies by Nature
Rossella Siani

126_Sea City: the Waterfront of Naples
Viviana Del Naja


132_The Intercultural Seminar “The Sea as a Bridge between Energy Resources and Social Sharing of Land”, November the 27th, 2014

140_The International Seminar ”Recovering River Landscapes”, September the 28th-30th, 2015

141_The Bio-Architecture Workshops of INBAR Sicily: Light, Earth, Water,…, December the 18th-19th, 2015


The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023