Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Vincenzo Allocca, Pantalone De Vita, Ferdinando Manna

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The Cilento is a geographical region of the Campania (southern Italy) whose extended and variegated territory can be considered a particular case of environmental and societal issues concerning the management of groundwater resources. Such problems have become more crucial after the institution of the National Park and the inclusion of a large part of the Cilento region into a total environmental protection zone. Moreover, since 1997, this area has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has been incorporated into the network of biosphere reserves of the MAB (Man and Biosphere).
In such a territorial context, balancing the societal demand of drinking water, especially during the summer season when the population grows in the coastal area for touristic influx, is a challenging issue to be managed, especially if considering the typical Mediterranean climate and the conservation of fluvial ecosystems. This problem becomes more critical if taking into account of the long-term effects of climatic variability which leads to an inconstant yearly regime of groundwater flow, from which the most important aqueduct systems are fed.
In particular, the most strategic and relevant groundwater resources of the area are discharges from several springs belonging to karst and, subordinately, terrigenous aquifers. In this contribution to theme water management and use in Mediterranean areas, the impacts of long-term variability of precipitations and groundwater recharge regimes are analysed in the Cilento region. In particular, this research accounts for the effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), a well-known continental-scale atmospheric phenomenon [1] consisting in a oscillation, with a complex yearly and decadal periodicity, of the atmospheric masses over the North Atlantic Ocean between the Azores Islands (barometric high) and Iceland (barometric low). The NAO is investigated by comparing measurements of monthly atmospheric pressure between Iceland (barometric low) and Azores (barometric high) and calcultating the NAO Index (NAOI), which is the barometric anomaly, with respect to the standard difference. Many meteorological studies analysed the effects of the NAO on the annual variability of precipitations in the Northern Hemisphere and in the European countries [2].
In this paper, the long-term climatic variability due to the NAO and its influence on groundwater recharge of karst aquifers, which represent the most important groundwater resources of the Cilento region, are analysed by advancing results of recent researches carried out on the recharge of karst aquifers in southern Italy and its decadal variability [3], [4].


SMC N.02 2015


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Water and Mediterranean Construction: How to Build a Soft and Clean Future
Dora Francese



009_Water-scapes in Architectural Design Thinking – a Discussion on Water as Conceptual Cultural Sustainable Design Element
Marina Mihaila

014_ Variability of Groundwater Resources in the Cilento Region (Southern Italy)
Vincenzo Allocca, Pantalone De Vita, Ferdinando Manna

020_Rivers to Live by: The Economic, Social, Cultural Benefits of Rivers and the Role of Architecture in Its Enhancement
Fani Vavili, Sonia Gkounta

025_Patagonia. Water and Built Habitat
Liliana Lolich

030_The Khettaras: a Traditional Management System of the Moroccan Drylands
Khalid Rkha Chaham

033_The Water and Architectural Identity in Mediterranean Buildings
Nicolina Mastrangelo, Emanuela Adamo

038_ Leonardo and the Drawnings of Hydraulic Mines
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Dinaro

044_“River Cities”: Urban Structure and Configurational Analysis
Angela Esposito

048_Analysis of the Architectural/Historic Heritage and Preventive Mitigation Actions Against Hydraulic Risks
Giorgio Giallocosta, Simona Lanza, Francesca Pirlone, Pietro Ugolini

055_Water Saving Assessment in Residential Buildings
Luca Buoninconti, Cristian Filagrossi Ambrosino

066_Water and Social Housing Architecture
Dora Francese

078_Rising Damp in Historical Buildings: Restoration Using the Charge Neutralization Technology (CNT) Domodry
Roberto Castelluccio, Michele Rossetto

089_Design for Hydrocitizens: Architectural Responses to the Defend-Retreat-Attack scenario
Graeme Evans

093_Urban Stormwater Drainage Management by Low Impact Development Practices
Maurizio Giugni, Francesco De Paola

099_Climate Changes, Adaptation, Construction
Adriano Paolella

103_The Quality Problem in Water Distribution Systems
Domenico Pianese, Carmine Covelli, Luigi Cimorelli, Andrea D’Aniello, Francesco Orlando

111_Innovative Water Concepts for the Resilience to Climate Change of East Naples: a Knowledge Transfer-based Design Approach Social Housing Architecture
Cristina Visconti

117_The Eco-friendly Wastewater Treatment at Mountain Refuges: a Short Overview of the Most Promising Technologies
Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo

121_Water Form: Technologies by Nature
Rossella Siani

126_Sea City: the Waterfront of Naples
Viviana Del Naja


132_The Intercultural Seminar “The Sea as a Bridge between Energy Resources and Social Sharing of Land”, November the 27th, 2014

140_The International Seminar ”Recovering River Landscapes”, September the 28th-30th, 2015

141_The Bio-Architecture Workshops of INBAR Sicily: Light, Earth, Water,…, December the 18th-19th, 2015


The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023