Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Dora Francese

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The question of residential provision for weaker bands of citizens has been lately included in the more urgent social issues to be solved at both political and technical levels, and this is because there are some “… reasons which constitute the actuality of each human being and of each true democracy: the need of defending the individuals’ rights, still safeguarding the community’s ones.” 1 Building new Social housing settlements or recovering the existing stocks of public fabrics will contribute to ensure these rights, but if and only if the solutions will be sustainable, resources’ saving and highly healthy.
Since “… the essence of the space , today, is its multi-laterality, the multiplicity of the potential relationships which it includes …”2, then the arrangement of social housing needs to take into account a wide number of factors and expertise, which cooperate for achieving the architecture value, the social issues and the respect for natural resources.
In particular one of the resources, that is fundamental but needs to be saved, not to be abused and mainly not to be polluted, is the water. The sustainable architecture can provide new ideas of space, according to this element, as we will see later in these notes.
The importance of the water as well as of the other common goods3 , let alone the following protection of the right to have access to this element, is one of the central issues of the social question, even though in the residential sector the element itself has often been neglected, where the great amount of hydric basins creates easy conditions for inhabiting and living, as in particular in Italy and in South Europe.
When born spontaneously, the human habitat is “moulded by a wonderful energy” 4; this is due to the collective will, to the spirit, then also the need of care for the resource water should be inspired to this spirit, in the space of the house. If the principle of equality and equity is respected, the water should be considered as that lymphatic system which satisfies and takes united the various requirements of the communities, were they rich or poor, and that then in the development of their houses, requires a spatial arrangement, mediated by an interaction between appliances, technologies, materials, volumes and empty zones, so prefiguring the use of the house as a right and a duty: a right to have access to the resource water and a right again to the satisfaction of all the other residential needs; and a duty to safeguard its pureness, to provide and save it for everybody. So also the riches should learn how to save and eventually to recycle it, as “common good”: the human’s need of getting a safe and healthy recovery is in fact fundamental for the creation of the house, but at the same time the water represents exactly the centre of the residential activities as well as “…. the word home … tells us that each individual’s personal centre has its core …”5 in the home itself as an ideal goal; “… the home actually leads to the interior and represents the need of settling.”6 […]


SMC N.02 2015


001_ COVER

003_VIEW Water and Mediterranean Construction: How to Build a Soft and Clean Future
Dora Francese



009_Water-scapes in Architectural Design Thinking – a Discussion on Water as Conceptual Cultural Sustainable Design Element
Marina Mihaila

014_ Variability of Groundwater Resources in the Cilento Region (Southern Italy)
Vincenzo Allocca, Pantalone De Vita, Ferdinando Manna

020_Rivers to Live by: The Economic, Social, Cultural Benefits of Rivers and the Role of Architecture in Its Enhancement
Fani Vavili, Sonia Gkounta

025_Patagonia. Water and Built Habitat
Liliana Lolich

030_The Khettaras: a Traditional Management System of the Moroccan Drylands
Khalid Rkha Chaham

033_The Water and Architectural Identity in Mediterranean Buildings
Nicolina Mastrangelo, Emanuela Adamo

038_ Leonardo and the Drawnings of Hydraulic Mines
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Dinaro

044_“River Cities”: Urban Structure and Configurational Analysis
Angela Esposito

048_Analysis of the Architectural/Historic Heritage and Preventive Mitigation Actions Against Hydraulic Risks
Giorgio Giallocosta, Simona Lanza, Francesca Pirlone, Pietro Ugolini

055_Water Saving Assessment in Residential Buildings
Luca Buoninconti, Cristian Filagrossi Ambrosino

066_Water and Social Housing Architecture
Dora Francese

078_Rising Damp in Historical Buildings: Restoration Using the Charge Neutralization Technology (CNT) Domodry
Roberto Castelluccio, Michele Rossetto

089_Design for Hydrocitizens: Architectural Responses to the Defend-Retreat-Attack scenario
Graeme Evans

093_Urban Stormwater Drainage Management by Low Impact Development Practices
Maurizio Giugni, Francesco De Paola

099_Climate Changes, Adaptation, Construction
Adriano Paolella

103_The Quality Problem in Water Distribution Systems
Domenico Pianese, Carmine Covelli, Luigi Cimorelli, Andrea D’Aniello, Francesco Orlando

111_Innovative Water Concepts for the Resilience to Climate Change of East Naples: a Knowledge Transfer-based Design Approach Social Housing Architecture
Cristina Visconti

117_The Eco-friendly Wastewater Treatment at Mountain Refuges: a Short Overview of the Most Promising Technologies
Domenico Caputo, Daniela Piscopo

121_Water Form: Technologies by Nature
Rossella Siani

126_Sea City: the Waterfront of Naples
Viviana Del Naja


132_The Intercultural Seminar “The Sea as a Bridge between Energy Resources and Social Sharing of Land”, November the 27th, 2014

140_The International Seminar ”Recovering River Landscapes”, September the 28th-30th, 2015

141_The Bio-Architecture Workshops of INBAR Sicily: Light, Earth, Water,…, December the 18th-19th, 2015


The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023