Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF MUQARNAS IN THE MOSQUES OF MARRAKECH

Authors

 Abdelhak Loukid, Khalid Rkha Chaham, Taoufiq Bahjaoui, Saad Bensallam

Keywords: 

Marrakech, mosque, muqarnas,
dome, heritage.

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Abstract

Muqarnas are key decorative motifs in Islamic art. They appeared in the 10th century in the Eastern Mediterranean (Iraq-Iran), with an essential structural role, and then evolved towards fully decorative functions in the Western Mediterranean (Morocco-Andalusia). There they reached a high degree of standardization, using a limited number of pieces, with geometric shapes carefully chosen so that they could be juxtaposed while having a continuity of their internal concave surfaces. The present work aims to study the geometric features of the muqarnas that adorn the domes of the mosques in the city of Marrakech. There are complex and varied combinations, which present polar and/or axial symmetries and whose realization is easily done through ingenious systems of fragmentation. Despite this diversity, we demonstrate that there is a common reference of representation that allowed us to draw the layout of all the domes studied, whether those of the entrance doors, prayer rooms, or niches of the mihrab.

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SMC N.18 2023

SMC MAGAZINE N. EIGHTEEN/2023

001_COVER AND INDEX

005_ PRECIOUS OR WASTE ITEMS? BUILT ENVIRONMENT QUALITY AND HARMONY WITH THE PLACE
Dora Francese

023_ BOARDS AND INFORMATION

FOCUS ON WASTES’ AND RENEWABLE RESOURCES’ USE IN CONSTRUCTION

024_ RECYCLE WASTE ASSETS. The Centro Agricolo of Pisticci as a method
Mariangela Bellomo, Antonella Falotico

030_ ARCHITECTURE AND BIOECONOMY. THERMAL PLASTER WITH ALMOND FIBERS
Luigi Alini, Bruna D’Agata

034_ ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES FOR CIRCULAR DESIGN IN CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION PROCESSES
Francesca Giglio, Andrea Boeri, Francesco Armocida

039_ BARRIERS AND OPPORTUNITIES TO CIRCULAR ECONOMY ADOPTION TO ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, AND ENVIRONMENTAL
PERFORMANCE
Arlinda Balaj, Lura Rexhepi Mahmutaj

045_ RESTORATION STRATEGY OF PORTALS IN SALÉ MEDINA BASED ON MULTI-CRITERIA METHODSl
Driss El Hachmi, Mohammed Ouadi Bensalah, Mohammed Cherraj, Lahcen Bahi, Latifa Ouadif, Rachid Benkmil,
Mohammed Aqil

050_ CONTRIBUTION TO THE STUDY OF MUQARNAS IN THE MOSQUES OF MARRAKECH
DAbdelhak Loukid, Khalid Rkha Chaham, Taoufiq Bahjaoui, Saad Bensallam