Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction



Sanaz Hariri Shabestari, Hossein Mirzaii


Sustainable House, Passive Cooling,
Solar Power, Tabriz-Iran

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The reduction of CO2 emissions is essential in the building sector as it contributes highly to carbon emissions. In 2014, approximately 22% of the total CO2 emissions in Iran came from residential buildings, commercial buildings, and public services (1). Therefore, designing and constructing low carbon energy efficient buildings should benefit significantly in the reduction of CO2 emission by targeting a 12% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 (2). This report investigates technical and economic aspects of using passive and active solar thermal methods for a low carbon-emitting house in Tabriz city, Iran. The house is designed and developed using reduced embodied carbon materials, which improved the energy efficiency of the building with the use of materials such as natural wood for wall structure, window frames and doors, and natural cellulose for insulation (3). A 3D model of the house developed to demonstrate the real dimensions of the building. The passive cooling using natural air ventilation is considered and tested with the aid of CFD software to determine the final average temperature of the house, which found to be 23.4°C based on an outside temperature of 30°C. The house designed to have 15 photovoltaics panels and three evacuated tube collectors that generated a total 69.1% annual fraction of the self-consumption electricity, and a total 57.7% annual fraction of energy provided by the solar thermal system. The active system saved CO2 emissions by 7,553 kg in a year. The annual heating of the house found to be 19.62 kWh/m2, whereas the total primary energy demand calculated as 47.19 kWh/m2. The Levelised cost of energy (LCOE) for the PV system calculated at 3.43 p/kWh lower than the current rate of electricity. The LCOE of the thermal system found to be 23.42 p/kWh higher than the current rate of domestic natural gas subsidised by the state. The total profit of the entire active system calculated to be £20,479.60 with a payback time of 11 years.


SMC N.10 2019



005_ VIEW_City, Nature and Design
Dora Francese



023_ Cities designed as ecosystems: the new challenge for urban architectural design
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028_Biometric of xerophilous plants in the design of water storage systems
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033_Human and Mediterranean environment: biotic interactions in the rural districts of Cilento
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040_Importance of green spaces in planning sustainable urban areas
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047_Enforceability and benefits of Mediterranean green streets
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054_The microclimatic contribution of urban green fraction. Case study: Medellin, Colombia
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060_The city is growing up: agricolture and urban regeneration
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069_Path for the river rebirth of Olona Valley
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074_Water as valorization source and resilient element of historical built heritage
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079_The role of water in the environmental design of urban space
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084_The pratical aspect of teaching and research: a laboratory with natural materials in the Federal University of Pelotas
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088_The historical city of Sfax – Tunisia: Valorization of the traditional building stone
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093_Simulation tools for energy performance evaluation on early stage of architectural design in academic context
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100_Adaptive retrofitting strategies for social and ecological balance in urban Mediterranean area
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105_Sustainable building materials for touristic Mediterranean infrastructures
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110_Climate change adaptation and vegetation: the case of Ufa fabric
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116_Palermo garden of Sicily
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125_The design of biotic environment fro balancing urban microclimate
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131_Sustainable materials for the design of the city: eco-compounds with recycled materials for the realization of urban flooring
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136_Feasibility Study of a Low Carbon House in Tabriz, Iran
Sanaz Hariri Shaberstari, Hossein Mirzaii

140_The Kessariani Monastery: a significant testimony of Bizantine architecture
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146_The contribution of the park trees to the adaptation of a city to climate change: the case of Thessaloniki
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The latest issue of the magazine
SMC N. 18 | 2023