Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

THE ROLE OF GREEN SPACES FOR THE SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY OF CULTURAL HERITAGE. A proposal for intervention in the former Neapolitan psychiatric complex

Authors

 Giuseppe Trinchese, Savino Mastrullo

Keywords: 

recovery, environmental and social sustainability, urban design, reuse of materials, green

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Abstract

With the Basaglia law, which abolished asylums in 1978, a long administrative process was started in Italy to decommission the old psychiatric hospitals in favour of a network of new facilities suited to their health and care function. It was a process that lasted over twenty years, as a result of which not all former psychiatric hospitals were recovered: data show that in 2018 only 50% of the psychiatric hospitals had been given a new lease of life after their closure. In Naples, the engineer Giuseppe Tango designed the large ‘Leonardo Bianchi’ psychiatric hospital in 1890, immersed in the nature of the Capodichino hill and isolated by shrub barriers and with large outdoor spaces.
The contribution outlines the relationship of this building complex with greenery, between monumentality and historical culture, proposing new forms of social interaction and new spatial and material interconnections. The authors, starting from a qualitative design and aiming at a zeroing of building waste, thanks to the forecast of their reuse on site during the design phase, propose the recovery and refunctionalisation of this large urban complex. The presence of the natural park where the psychiatric pavilions were designed a century ago meets the need in a metropolitan city, that of Naples, which in today’s historical phase has an increasing need for public green spaces.

Preview

SMC N.16 2022

SMC MAGAZINE N. SIXTEEN/2022

001_COVER AND INDEX

005_CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGIES (NOT ONLY DIGITAL) AND ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
Dora Francese

027_BOARDS AND INFORMATION

FOCUS ON: COMPLETION TECHNOLOGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE REGENERATION

028_RESTORATION AND HISTORIC BUILDINGS FACING SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGES
Francesco Trovò

034_NEW PERSPECTIVES FOR MAPPING ALTERATIONS IN HBIM IN CONSERVATION PROJECTS
Andrea Adami, Barbara Scala

040_FRAGMENTS OF MEMORY. A PARTICIPATORY APPROACH FOR A NEW CONSERVATIVE ARCHITECTURAL RESTORATION AND LANDSCAPE ENHANCEMENT. The Baths of Petriolo
Cesare Crova

046_ QUALITY AS A GOAL AND TOOL FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE BUILT HERITAGE
Mariangela Carlessi, Alessandra Kluzer

051_ STRENGTHS AND TRANSFORMABILITY OF HEALTHCARE STRUCTURES IN CAMPANIA
Lorenzo Diana, Rossella Marmo, Saverio D’Auria, Claudia Sicignano, Francesco Polverino

058_ KNOWLEDGE AND PROTECTION OF THE HANDCRAFTED KNOW-HOW FOR CONSERVATION. Il Manuale del Recupero of Rome: Topics
Virginia Bernardini

063_ THE QUALITY OF RESTORATION OF CULTURAL HERITAGE: FROM JURIDICAL NORMS TO TECHNICAL NORMS
Valentina Sessa

068_ FROM ‘INTANGIBLE’ TO ‘TANGIBLE’ HERITAGE. Shared knowledge for conservation
Daniela Pittaluga, Silvia Rescic, Fabio Fratini

075_ EASIER SAID THAN DONE. TO KNOW SO AS TO KEEP: DRY STONE WALLING ON THE SLOPE OF LAKE COMO
Michela M. Grisoni

082_ DESIGN PROCESSES FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE TERRITORY: THE CASE OF MASSA LUBRENSE
Giovanni Gugg, Gigliola D’Angelo, Mariachiara Esposito

088_ CARE AND CRAFTSMANSHIP AS A SLOW APPROACH TO BUILT HERITAGE. Quality and intervention: tradition and innovation
Angela Squassina

094_ THE ROLE OF GREEN SPACES FOR THE SUSTAINABLE RECOVERY OF CULTURAL HERITAGE A proposal for intervention in the former neapolitan psychiatric complex
Giuseppe Trinchese, Savino Mastrullo

103_ THE ROLE OF CULTURAL HERITAGE SCIENTISTS FOR THE QUALITY OF URBAN REGENERATION A design proposal for the urban “seam” of Baia
Veronica Vitiello, Marina Fumo, Danila Imperadice

FOCUS ON: DIGITAL AND NON DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABILITY

109_ GREEN THINKING AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP. A Pedagogical experiment in Architecture
Dorra Ismail Dellagi

115_ THE REDISCOVERY OF NATURE: THE LOST INNOCENCE OF THE DIGITAL WORLD
Rosa Maria Vitrano

124_ DIGITAL INNOVATION IN CONSTRUCTION: 3D PRINTING IN HOTEL DESIGN AND TOURISTS’ ACCOMMODATION
Artemis Kyrkou

128_ DESIGN FOR ADAPTABILITY. Joints for sustainable building
Adriana Rossi, Sara Gonizzi Barsanti

137_ PRACTICABILITY STUDY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A WOOL SUPPLY CHAIN IN CAMPANIA REGION
Angelica Rocco

143_ “EXPERIMENTAL ECOLOGICAL COMPOSITE FOR 3D PRINTING OF A SMALL COMMUNITY HOSPITAL”
Enrico Maria Oliva, Dora Francese

151_ SMART VILLAGE E DESIGN FOR ALL. DesignTech in the Madonie area
Luisa Lombardo

156_ BUILT ENVIRONMENT TRANSFORMATIONS: BIM AND CIRCULAR APPROACH
Rossella Franchino, Caterina Frettoloso, Nicola Pisacane

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