Political and religious capital of the Maghreb and Andalusia for several centuries, the Medina of Marrakech (Morocco) has a rich architectural heritage (ramparts and monumental gates, mosques, Saadian tombs, ruins of the Badia Palace, Bahia Palace, basin and pavilion of Menara) that made UNESCO declare it a World Heritage Site in 1985. Its historical fabric is currently undergoing a general rehabilitation, accompanied by extensive research on construction methods, materials, pathologies…, with a view to preserving and publicizing an important heritage and unique know-how of our ancient craftsmen.
In this note, we will study the architectural characteristics of domes and flat floors as well as their structural and decorative evolution during the different reigning dynasties in Morocco. These elements are essential components of religious buildings, protecting the interior spaces from the weather and providing comfort to the faithful in the harsh climatic conditions of Marrakech. We have therefore focused on the most commonly used; the wooden frame called “Berchla”, and the classic flat floor called “Warka and Gaiza”.
We are also interested in the plaster muqarnas domes that were introduced in Morocco by the Almoravids (1042-1147) and that the Saadians (1554-1659) were then able to provide with an ingenious system, called “Tanfikh”, which reduces the impact of solar rays on the interior spaces and ensures their cooling.
005_DESIGN ROLE WITHIN DIGITAL AND ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION AGE
FOCUS ON DESIGN PARADIGMS’ INNOVATION IN THE TRANSITION ERA
017_BORJ SFAXIEN: UNIQUE ARCHITECTURE IN A BALANCED ECOSYSTEM
Ali Abdelmônem Zribi
038_ DESCRIPTIVE AND ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE DOMES AND FLOORS OF RELIGIOUS BUILDINGS IN MARRAKECH
Loukid Abdelhak, Khalid Rkha Chaham, Saad Bensallam, Asmae Khiara
043_ INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE MODELS FOR THE REUSE OF RELIGIOUS HERITAGE IN CAMPANIA
Rosa Maria Giusto
051_ FLOATING ARCHITECTURE AS A CHALLENGE PARADIGM IN SUSTAINABILITY
061_ THE TRADITIONAL FONDOUKS OF THE MARRAKESH MEDINA. Case of the Fondouk El Kebbaj
A. Khiara, K. Rkha Chaham, S. Bensallam, M. Ibnoussina, A. Loukid
067_ BUILDINGS AND PROXIMITY OPEN SPACES FOR ENERGY TRANSITION. A testing on Renewable Energy Communities in Rome
Paola Marrone, Ilaria Montella
075_ ACTIVE HOUSE PROTOCOL APPLICATION IN MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE. An energy-efficient kindergarden in Coppito
Simona Colajanni, Marianna Rotilio, Nicole Di Santo, Grazia Marrone
089_ NEW PARADIGMS FOR SCHOOL DESIGN INTO THE ECOLOGICAL TRANSITION
Castrese Andrea Di Mare, Roberto Castelluccio
101_ SULLA COMPOSIZIONE ARCHITETTONICA E URBANA
SMC FOR AID