As we know the fire is one of the four Nature’s elements, which, since its origins and its formidable discovery, has always been a tool which had at the same time aggregated humans and provided them fear.
A tree hit by a thunder or an incandescent lava running out from the volcano’s mouth: in this way maybe the man had discovered the fire.
On one hand it was used to protect humans, by furthering dangerous animals, by gathering them in the gay evenings, by providing cooked food and heat; on the other hand, a scent or a bad use of it could have fired the woods and then houses and then entire towns or it could have been used as a powerful destructive weapon. In the circle of flame, human relationships reinforced, so creating the bases for the first communities. The use of fire, which can be dated around 400.000 years ago, has revealed fundamental for human civilization’s development, so improving greatly the quality of life. Moreover the fire has often assumed a symbolic importance for a number of religions and cultural traditions, besides having been indispensable for the origin of various reflections along the history. According to the Greek Mythology, Prometeo had stolen the fire to gods for giving it, as a gift, to men needing help, so transferring them its power. Even nowadays the fire is symbol of strength, willpower, passion, and often associated to energy.
003_VIEW_The Role of Fire in the Material Culture of Mediterranean Region
FOCUS ON FIRE FOR LIFE
017_From the Man Who Lives Around the “Fire” to the Source of Heat That Surrounds and Follows Him
Marta Calzolari, Pietromaria Davoli
024_Mitigating Climate Change and Fire Hazards Impact on Rural Cultural Heritage
Georgică Mitrache, Oana Anca Abălaru
029_Steam Power Plants in Greece: Overheating Coal for the Electricity Production
033_Fire and Building. Use of Natural Materials: the Timber
Tullia F. Oliva
040_The Building and the Fire. An Exigential Method of Designing Fire Safety in Buildings
Bogdan Eugen Banica
043_Fire, Light and Shadows
048_Portable Solar Heater
052_Reducing Environmental Vulnerability: Fire Risk and Integrated Management in the Sorrentine Peninsula
Maria Cristina Vigo Majello
STUDIES AND RESEARCHES
065_From Waste to Secondary Raw Material: Going Towards a More Sustainable Architecture
Andrea Tartaglia, Benedetta Terenzi
070_LIST OF AUTHORS