Architecture was once, literally, the study and knowledge of arches. Of course, it meant more than that, but a strong arch and a long lasting building were virtually synonymous. Unless the flying buttresses, vaulted ceilings, apses and entries were perfectly designed, in perfect accord with the fundamental geometry of architecture, a building couldn’t last. Today, the discipline has come back to the circle – not a circle of stone, but rather the cyclical principles of nature and human behavior.
Sustainable architecture is first and foremost about re-imagining the relationship between human beings and living systems. The most powerful expression of this relationship is our built environment. How should we build, now that the 7 billionth child was born, now that our supply of natural capital – water, wood, energy, land – must be far more effectively used? How do we metabolize energy and water so that the air and land improve rather than erode? In other words, given how many we are and how much we have come to expect, how will we come to live – and dwell?
Architecture in its traditional role is probably a dying profession. Today, architects must work with systems; they must design new ways of living and working in which buildings play a key role. We desperately need mediators between human need and the enduring cycles of nature. Architects can, and must, take on this new role.
003_VIEW_ The Air as Parameter for Designing Man’s Space
FOCUS ON AIR AND ENVIRONMENT
011_ From the Chimney to the Air Conditioning in the Mediterranean Buildings
Sabriela Kazazi, Fani Vavili
016_ From the Redrawing of the Papyri to the Paradigms of Passive Ventilation in Architecture
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Di Nardo
023_ Impact of Natural Ventilation Options on Architectural Synthesis. Floor Plan, Section, Façade
Anastasia D. Stavidrou
029_ Ventilation Performance in Semi-buried Buildings in Greek Architecture
034_ Ventilation in patient’s room
042_ The Wind as a Musical Mapping Tool of the Urban Environment in the Mediterranean Area. The Example of the City of Thessaloniki, Greece
Dimitra Sideridou, George Sideridis
STUDIES AND RESEARCHES
046_ Exercises in Sustainability: Another Case Study
Anca Mitrache, Anca Mihaela Costantin
050_ An Approach to Assess Urban Resilience to Flood Risk Through Spatial Analysis
054_The Restoration of the Pisè Heritage: Experienced Results from Safeguarding Operations for the Marrakech Walling
Khalid Rkha Chaham, Naoual Gamrani, Mounsif Ibnoussina, Dora Francese, Saverio Mecca
066_ The Role of Fluid Dynamics for Green Buildings Performance
067_Technological Design for Bioclimatic Architecture. Strategies and Natural Ventilation Systems for Passive Cooling in Environmental and Energy Retrofit in the Mediterranean Climate
069_ LIST OF AUTHORS