The synthesis of an architectural project can be rated, defined and identified by various qualitative and quantitative characteristics. A lot of these characteristics can be related with fundamental design principles and actions, forming a crucial syntactic architectural context which describes the project. This context may regard functional, optical, constructional, bioclimatic or other aspects providing analogous qualities on the produced result.
Fatouros  gives substantial guidelines for an architect to understand an architectural synthesis. In order to organize this comprehension he elaborates issues as intensity, continuation, interruption, boundary, space, geometry etc. Vakalo  deals with optical syntax and subjects as visual perception, respective elements, principles, processes, manipulations, etc. He conveys foremost regulations that architects should be aware of, in order to create a synthesis which can reflect the meaning that they want to provide. Chan  examines phenomena, factors, rules and impacts about a particular design theme such as rhythm. Elements of composition are analysed with references of particular paradigms that aid a respective cognitive and design process. Arnheim  deals with the dynamics of architectural form and topics as elements of space, vertical and horizontal, full and void, motion, order and disorder, expression, function etc are included in his work. Arnheim’s analysis helps architects to evaluate their projects considering their visual configuration and respective organization. Ching  studies fundamental elements of the architectural form and examines subjects as point, line, plane, volume, form, space, organization, circulation, analogy, layout principles etc. Issues such as the aforementioned ones can constitute significant criterions that rate an architectural synthesis yielding important and interesting characteristics and features.
As regards natural ventilation options, recent literature presents a great number of papers about natural ventilation of buildings, such as - , which explore natural ventilation parameters and concurrently refer to certain formative shapes. These shapes usually correspond to specific natural ventilation strategies which are explored with simulation methods in order to find improved ventilation parameters that lead to advanced ventilation options.
Stavridou and Prinos  investigate natural crossventilation options. They explore natural ventilation due to buoyancy assisted by wind, in an orthogonal building form, with computational and laboratory simulation. Their findings regard the position of the outlet opening, the flow field, the duration and the type of ventilation, the process of the investigation etc. Moreover, Stavridou  examines the impact of the investigation into the natural ventilation of buildings on four substantial parameters of architectural design. She introduces the “breathing architecture” concept and configures a new approach to the architectural design process based on natural ventilation of buildings. The above approach proposes new options for building forms and shapes, providing new potentialities of exploiting the natural ventilation research.
Considering the existing literature, the combination of investigating natural ventilation options in conjunction with architectural synthesis is a substantial domain for research. Such compound provides new prospects in architectural design, revitalizes the nature of the synthetic qualities and promotes innovation in composition.
This research examines the impact of specific natural ventilation options on the architectural synthesis of floor plan, section and façade. In particular, the influence refers to the optical configuration and the architectural organization of each drawing in combination with each natural ventilation case. Notable conclusions are derived, while the emerging remarks can be useful for the synthesis of diverse architectural systems.
003_VIEW_ The Air as Parameter for Designing Man’s Space
FOCUS ON AIR AND ENVIRONMENT
011_ From the Chimney to the Air Conditioning in the Mediterranean Buildings
Sabriela Kazazi, Fani Vavili
016_ From the Redrawing of the Papyri to the Paradigms of Passive Ventilation in Architecture
Adriana Rossi, Luis Palmero, Armando Di Nardo
023_ Impact of Natural Ventilation Options on Architectural Synthesis. Floor Plan, Section, Façade
Anastasia D. Stavidrou
029_ Ventilation Performance in Semi-buried Buildings in Greek Architecture
034_ Ventilation in patient’s room
042_ The Wind as a Musical Mapping Tool of the Urban Environment in the Mediterranean Area. The Example of the City of Thessaloniki, Greece
Dimitra Sideridou, George Sideridis
STUDIES AND RESEARCHES
046_ Exercises in Sustainability: Another Case Study
Anca Mitrache, Anca Mihaela Costantin
050_ An Approach to Assess Urban Resilience to Flood Risk Through Spatial Analysis
054_The Restoration of the Pisè Heritage: Experienced Results from Safeguarding Operations for the Marrakech Walling
Khalid Rkha Chaham, Naoual Gamrani, Mounsif Ibnoussina, Dora Francese, Saverio Mecca
066_ The Role of Fluid Dynamics for Green Buildings Performance
067_Technological Design for Bioclimatic Architecture. Strategies and Natural Ventilation Systems for Passive Cooling in Environmental and Energy Retrofit in the Mediterranean Climate
069_ LIST OF AUTHORS