Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

Sustainable Mediterranean Construction

IRON AND STEEL: THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION NEW MATERIALS AS A GAME CHANGER IN ARCHITECTURE’S EVOLUTION

Authors 

Georgia Cheirchanteri

Keywords: 

Iron, Steel, Modern Architecture, Metal Constructions, Industrial Revolution, High-tech Architecture

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Abstract

The period from 1840 to 1870 is characterized by the industrial revolution and an enormous technological explosion. The invention and use of photography, the telegraph are only a few from the inventions and discoveries of that era. In architecture, the belief that only the new construction technologies, will achieve dynamic creation of space, that will reflect the sensitivity and pace of modern society, became more and more intense. Architects and engineers have begun to seek common points between the construction science and the evolution of architectural styles.
The new materials, iron and steel, are closely linked to the evolution of architecture, from the industrial revolution to the present. This study examines the above two-way relationship between steel and architectural constructions using examples of specific features. It is a fact, the innovation of new materials in the era of the industrial revolution have created new forms and trends in the architectural works.

Preview

SMC N.08 2018

SMC MAGAZINE N. EIGHT/2018

001_ COVER

003_ VIEW_Matter: Science and Technology for Habitat
Dora Francese

016_ BOARDS AND INFORMATION

017_ INDEX

FOCUS ON MATTER AND CULTURE

018_ Iron and Steel: the Industrial Revolution New Materials as a Game Changer in Architecture’s Evolution
Georgia Cheirchanteri

025_Earth-Shelterd Dwellings in South Tunisia: Troglodytic caves of Sened Jebel
Fouad Ben Ali

030_On Applications of Thrust Lines to Simply-supported No-tension Panels
Enrico Babilio, Luca Buoninconti

036_Insulation, Building Mass and Airflows – Provisional and Multi-variable Analysis
Giacomo Chiesa, Mario Grosso, Andrea Acquaviva, Badiaa Makhlouf, Alice Tumiatti

041_Materials and Finishes in Mediterranean Healthcare Facilities
Artemis Kyrkou, Fani Vavili

047_Mathematical Models for Atypical Terracotta Infill Walls
Adriana Rossi, Umberto Palmieri

052_Material Identity Harmony Perception. New Solutions for Eco-oriented Building
Giuseppe Vaccaro

058_Living, Building, Recycling
Gigliola Ausiello, Enza Santoro

064_Resource Matter Material. Reuse as a Technical Option for Sustainable Design
Paola Altamura, Serena Baiani

071_Recovery and Re-use of Building Materials and Components in Architecture
Tiziana Firrone

STUDIES AND RESEARCHES

078_A Semiotic Framework to Support Sustainable Design Inside Mediterranean Cities
Massimiliano Condotta

PHD RESULTS

085_Bio-composite Materials in Architecture. An Hypothesis for an Indoor Vertical Partition power system
Claudia Balestra

086_Functional Refurbishment with Architectural Membranes
M. Rachel F. Macieira

087_Variability of Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Materials Affected by Humidity.
Veronica Vitiello

EVENTS

088_ Building in Mediterranean Region. Sustainable Technologies and Materials for Inhabiting. Italy, Morocco, Portugal, Tunisia
Paola De Joanna, Fani Vavili-Tsinika, Giancarlo Priori

091_LIST OF AUTHORS

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